Vegetation Management 2016 Fact Sheet
Northern Pulp’s Vegetation Management Program
- Vegetation Management is used to increase the survival and growth of specific crop trees (such as planted softwood trees).
- Vegetation management tools include manual cutting and herbicides. Specific management tools used depend on the stage in the forest management growth cycle
- Herbicides are an efficient and effective method of vegetation management.
- Herbicides control competition short term to give the slower growing softwood time to get established. Competition species will start to regrow on the sites a couple of years after treatment
- Application is done usually once in a 40-80 year forest growth cycle.
Herbicide that is Applied
- The herbicide applied is Vision Max which contains the active ingredient glyphosate.
- Glyphosate has been approved for use in Canada since 1987.
- Glyphosate is more widely used in agriculture than for forestry throughout the world (over 160 countries).
- Glyphosate is one of the most extensively studied herbicides of all time. The scientific weight of evidence clearly supports conclusion of low risk.
- It is has been reviewed for use by the US EPA, European Commission, the FAO and WHO of the United Nations
- Vision Max is a foliar-applied herbicide approved by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency in 2004 exclusively for use in forestry.
- Vision Max is approved for use with aerial and ground based application equipment. Application method is selected based on size and shape of treatment block.
- Applicators must be licensed. Applicators are required to use GPS location and tracking systems and sophisticated nozzle and boom application systems. Staff review GPS data daily to ensure equipment is working properly.
- Applications for a permit to do pesticide treatments are made to the Nova Scotia Dept. of Environment. Under the regulations NSDOE regulates the sale, application, storage & disposal of pesticides.
- Notification in media 20 days prior to treatment
- Sites are posted 30 days prior to treatment
- Dwellings, businesses etc. with 500 meters of the site are visited and left an information package including contact information.
- Setbacks or buffers required as follows:
- Watercourses minimum 30 meters each side
- Property boundaries minimum 30 meters
- Legacy clumps; SMZ’s and wildlife corridors 15 meters
- Dwellings, camps - 100 meter buffer aerial and 30 meters for ground
- Setbacks in municipal water supply areas are larger than those outlined above.
- Setbacks for aerial applications in non-designated municipal water supply areas:
- Point of Intake to water supply system - 1.5 kilometres
- Point of intake to 10 km. upstream (following the stream bed) - 1.5 km buffer around all lakes, rivers and tributaries
- Beyond 10 Km. upstream - 100 meter buffers around all lakes, rivers & tributaries.
- Setbacks for ground applications in non-designated municipal water supply areas:
- Point of Intake to water supply system - 0.5 kilometres
- Point of intake to 1.5 km. upstream (following the stream bed) - 0.5 km buffer around all lakes rivers and tributaries
- Beyond 1.5 Km. upstream - 100 meter buffers around all lakes, rivers & tributaries.
- Operational restrictions include wind speeds - max 10 km for air and 15 km for ground, air temperature, possibility of rain, controlled start and stop times, on site security.
NPNS 2016 Vegetation Management Program on Northern Timber lands
- It is important to understand that no dwellings (residential or business) will be sprayed under Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program.
- Program will start on or after August 25
- Completion of program depends largely on weather conditions but would anticipate late September
- Program will be conducted in
- 2 counties Halifax and Colchester
- Area treated will be 1314 ha
- Aerial application - 1,096 ha; 18 sites
- Ground application - 218 ha; 9 sites
On July 29, 2016, the Province of New Brunswick released a report titled Results of the OCMOH Action Plan on Glyphosate. This report was prepared for the Acting Chief Medical Officer of Health.
Question & Answers regarding Northern Pulp's vegetation management program