Why does Northern Pulp have a vegetation management program?
  • Vegetation Management is used to increase the survival and growth of specific crop trees (such as planted softwood trees).
  • Vegetation management tools include manual cutting and herbicides.
  • Specific management tools used depend on the stage in the forest management growth cycle
What does Northern Pulp’s vegetation management plan entail?
  • Vegetation Management is used to increase the survival and growth of specific crop trees (such as planted softwood trees).
  • Herbicides are an efficient and effective method of vegetation management.
  • Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program will start on or after August 25 on Northern Timber lands
  • Completion of program depends largely on weather conditions; we anticipate late September.
  • The program will be conducted in
    • 2 counties Halifax and Colchester
    • 1314 ha total area
      • Aerial application  - 1,096 hectares; 18 sites
      • Ground application - 218 hectares; 9 sites
Why does Northern Pulp choose to use Vision Max?
  • Vision Max is a foliar-applied herbicide approved by the Pest Management Regulatory Agency in 2004 exclusively for use in forestry.
  • Vision Max is approved for use with aerial and ground based application equipment. Application method is selected based on size and shape of treatment block &proximity to human populations.
Why does Northern Pulp use an herbicide as part of its program?
  • Herbicides are an efficient and effective method of vegetation management.
  • Herbicides control competition short term to give the slower growing softwood time to get established.
  • Competition species will start to regrow on the sites a couple of years after treatment
What is the regulatory process to obtain permit(s) to conduct a vegetation management program?
  • Applications for a permit to conduct pesticide treatments are made to the Nova Scotia Dept. of Environment. Under the regulations NSDOE regulates the sale, application, storage & disposal of pesticides.
  • Applicators must be licensed and are required to use GPS location and tracking systems as well as sophisticated nozzle and boom application systems.  Staff review GPS data daily to ensure equipment is working properly.
  • Notifications must be made via media 20 days prior to treatment
  • Sites are posted 30 days prior to treatment
  • Dwellings, businesses etc. with 500 meters of the site are visited and left an information package including contact information.
  • Operational restrictions include wind speeds max 10 km for air and 15 km for ground, air temperature, possibility of rain, controlled start and stop times, on site security.
Does Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program consist of spraying dwellings?
  • Absolutely not. No dwellings (residential or business) will be sprayed under Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program.
  • Dwellings, businesses etc. with 500 meters of the site are visited to explain Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program and provided with an information package including contact information.
How many dwellings in Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program were found to be within the 500 meter site buffer area?
  • One residence - of which has been notified repeatedly in past spray programs – was visited.
  • Less than ten unoccupied cabin-style dwellings were identified within the 500 meter buffer area. Information package was provided.
What restrictions are there for herbicide application?
  • Operational restrictions include wind speeds max 10 km for air and 15 km for ground, air temperature, possibility of rain, controlled start and stop times, on site security.
Is Glyphosate safe for wildlife?
  • Glyphosate is widely used in agriculture, with MRLs established for residues of glyphosate in a wide array of foods. Thus, the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) has determined that there is no concern to human health associated with eating berries inadvertently sprayed with glyphosate during forestry applications.
  • Studies have shown wildlife are quite resilient to glyphosate
  • Both laboratory and in-forest studies show that glyphosate does not accumulate in muscle tissues of animals, but is rapidly excreted in urine and feces.
How long is Northern Pulp’s vegetation management program expected to last?
  • Northern Pulp’s Vegetation management program will start on or after August 25
  • Completion of the program depends largely on weather conditions; we anticipate concluding it by end of September 

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